Initially, the mere appearance, breathing and color should alert the healthcare team a child is sick. The Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) course emphasizes this concept.
Next, the healthcare provider must then determine if a child has a Respiratory or a Circulatory Problem. In fact, most children will have a respiratory problem. In general, a child with a respiratory problem will demonstrate tachypnea coupled with an increased effort to breath. Consequently, a child with a respiratory problem may require supplemental oxygen. On the other hand, a child displaying a Circulatory Problem is an ominous sign. In this case, a child with a circulatory problem will have an increased heart rate plus poor skin color. Therefore, a child with a circulatory problem will require a fluid bolus.
Moreover, once the healthcare provider has determined the problem to be either respiratory or circulatory then it must further be categorized. For example, a respiratory problem is categorized as Upper Airway, Lower Airway, Lung Tissue disease, or Disordered Control of Breathing. On the other hand, A circulatory problem is categorized as, Hypovolemic, Distributive, Cardiogenic, also Obstructive shock. Indeed, Pediatric Advanced Life Support, or PALS proves to be a complicated course. Notably, NEO’s PALS class takes the fear out of caring for a sick child.
Furthermore, the PALS course is designed for healthcare providers who direct or participate in the management of respiratory arrest and cardiac arrest.
In addition, this course incorporates instruction of EKG, CPR, airway management as well as student participation in simulated case scenarios. Lastly, NEO’s PALS courses in Orange County and San Diego are approved by the American Heart Association and are taught in accordance with current AHA guidelines.