TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter I – Introduction
The Cardiovascular System, Capillary Walls, Perfusion, Cardiac Compromise, Aspirin and Nitroglycerin Administration
Chapter II – Full Review of the Circulatory System
Heart Chambers, Heart Valves, Coronary Arteries, Cardiac Output, Cardiac Compromise.
Chapter III – Abnormalities of the Cardiovascular System
Atherosclerosis, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Angina Pectoris, Acute Myocardial Infarction, Classic Angina, Heart Failure, Left Ventricular Failure, Right ventricular Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Aortic Aneurysm. Nontraumatic Tamponade, Hypertensive Emergencies, Cardiac Shock, Arterial Occlusion, Cardiac Rhythm Disturbances, Myocarditis, Endocarditis, Pericarditis.
Chapter IV – Oxygen Administration
The danger of too much oxygen. What are free radicals?
Chapter V – Mastering the Head to Toe Assessment with the OPQRST tool
O for onset, P for provocation, Q for quality, R for radiation, S for severity, T for time.
Cardiovascular Emergency Examination
Matching Words with Definition Practice
Upon the completion of this course, Cardiovascular Emergencies, the learner will be able to:
- Describe chest pain or discomfort and how it relates to heart disease and cardiac arrest.
- Describe the structure and function of the circulatory system including:
- The cardiac conduction system
- The conductivity, contractility and automaticity of the myocardial tissues.
- Effects of the autonomic nervous system on the heart
- Gross anatomy of the heart
- Systemic and pulmonary circulation
- Coronary arteries
- Plasma and formed elements of the blood
- Explain the relationship between electrical and mechanical events in the heart.
- Describe the process of depolarization and repolarization, and relate the waves and
the intervals of a normal electrocardiogram to the physiological events they
- Discuss the relationship between hypoxia, damage to the cardiac conduction system, premature ventricular contractions, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation.
- Describe the roles of the heart and blood vessels in maintaining normal blood pressure.
- Explain the importance of early recognition of signs and symptoms and the early
treatment of patients with cardiac emergencies.
- Explain the pathophysiology and the appropriate assessment and management of the following conditions that may be classified as a cardiac compromise or acute coronary syndrome:
– Angina pectoris
– Myocardial infarction
– Aortic aneurysm or dissection
– Congestive heart failure
– Cardiogenic shock
– Hypertensive emergencies
– Cardiac arrest
– Nontraumatic Cardiac Tamponade
– Arteriole Occlusion
– Cardiac dysrhythmic
- Explain the typical presentation of a myocardial ischemia or infarction in females.
- Explain the indications, contraindications, forms, dosage, administration, actions, 3 side effects, and reassessment for nitroglycerin.
- Explain the special considerations in assessing and managing pediatric and geriatric patients with cardiac emergencies.
- Explain the assessment – based approach to assessment and emergency medical care for cardiac compromise and acute coronary syndrome.
- Discuss the indications and contraindications for percutaneous intervention (angioplasty) or fibrinolytic therapy in patients with cardiac emergencies.
- Given a series of scenarios, demonstrate the assessment based management of a variety of patients with cardiovascular emergencies, including:
- Explain the indications for aspirin.
- Explain the contraindications for aspirin.
– The forms of aspirin.
– The dosage of aspirin.
– Administration of aspirin.
– Actions of aspirin.
– Side effects of aspirin.
– Reassessment of aspirin.